Asocyaananvasocastvam prajnaavaadaamsca bhaasase
Gataasoonnagataasoomsca naanusocanti panditaah.” (Gita 2:11)
“Arjuna, you grieve for those who should not be grieved at, yet speak as if a man of wisdom. The wise grieve, neither for the living, nor for the dead.” (Gita 2:11)
(A man goes through grief when he classifies persons and objects of the world into two divisions – these are mine and these are not mine; these are part of my close family and these are not part of my close family, these are from our caste and these are not from our caste, these are from our stage of life and these are not from our stage of life, these are in our favor (from our party, group, following etc), these are not in our favor (from our party, group, following etc). Those that we ragard as ours, we develop a sense of mine, attachment, desire, and fondness for them. It is due to these – a sense of mine and desire etc., that one experiences grief, worries, fear, perturbation, agitation and strain etc., and inaddition, numerous other faults arise. There are no faults, arising without a reason, that is not resulting from sense of mine and desire etc. This is a rule.
At the beginning of the Gita, Dhratarastra asked, “What did my sons and the sons of Pandu do?” It shows his partiality towards his own sons and attachment for them, though the Pandavas regarded him more than their father.
The attachment that Dhratarastra has, Arjuna also developed similar attachment, but Arjuna’s attachment was not like Dhratarastra’s. Unlike Dhratarastra, Arjuna did not have partiality, rather he was impartial and so he uses the terms “Seeing all these relations” (Gita 1:28) “Drshtvenam svajanam” and even calls Duryodhan part of his relations. He then says “How can we, by killing our own kinsmen, be happy” (Gita 1:37) “svajanam hi katham hatvaa sukhinam syaam maadhava.” It means that Arjuna had attachment for the entire Kuru family, and because of possibility of destruction of the family, he was grieving. To remove this grief, Lord Krishna preaches the gospel of the Gita, which begins with this eleventh verse. In the end, Lord Krishna declares that it is improper for Him to grieve and he should take refuge in Me (God) alone, and not grieve – “Grieve not” (Gita 18:66). The reason is, that dependence on the world leads to grief, while supreme or exclusive devotion to
the Lord, leads to a state which is free from all grief and worries)
From “The Bhagavad Gita – Sadhak Sanjivani” in in Hindi page 52, in English pg 87 by Swami Ramsukhdasji
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