Sri Bhagavaan could not get an opportunity earlier to explain the divine
and demoniac natures, due to Arjuna putting forth various different
questions. However, now in Chapter 16, He explains the divine and
demoniac nature in details by starting the topic on His own.
II 16:1 II
abhayam sattvasams;uddhirjnanayoga vyavasthitih
daanam damsca yajnasca svaadhyaastapa arjavam (Gita 16:1)
sri bhagavaan said –
Total absence of any fear, absolute purity of inner faculties – purity
of mind, purity of heart, established in Yoga for true knowledge and
essence of God (Self), pure charity (giving in disinterested manner, as
a matter of duty), controlling the senses, yajnah (offering daily
oblations to sacred fire), swaydhyaa; (chanting of God’s name, study of
sacred books, introspection etc.), austerity, includes undergoing
hardships in the performance of one’s duty and being straight forward in
one’s dealings with body and mind.
II 16:2 II
ahimsaa satyamakrodhastyaagah saantirapaisunam
dayaa bhootesvaloluptvam maardavam hreerracaapalam (Gita 16:2)
Non-violence, speaking the truth, free from anger, renunciation of
worldly pleasures, equipose (not having disturbance in the inner
faculties such as likes and dislikes), not engaging in fault-finding or
slandering, compassion towards all living beings, free from covetousness
– not to feel an inner desire for worldly things or sensual pleasures,
gentleness, a sense of shame or hesitation in doing those things that
are not dutiful and that are contrary to ordinance of scriptures,
absence of fickleness or restlessness.
II 16:3 II
tejah ksamaa dhrtih saucamadroho naatimaanitaa
bhavanti sampadam daivimabhijaatasya bhaarata (Gita 16:3)
Radiance, forgiveness, unwavering steadfastness or fortitude, purity of
the body, absence of malice, not desirous of honor, O’ descendant of
Bhaarata, are the marks of him, who is endowed with divine nature.
From “Gita Prabodhani” in Hindi pg 450 by Swami Ramsukhdasji.
For full online discourses in Hindi, please visit Swami
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