Yoga of Action.


Bhagwaan in Gita 2:39 said to Arjuna “This is the wisdom of the
Sankhya given to you, O Arjuna. Now listen to the wisdom of Yoga of
Action i.e. the Discipline of Action in which a person by performing
action for the welfare of others, without any selfish motive attains
equanimity.” Then according to the context in response to Arjuna’s
question Lord Krishna having described the marks of the man of
steady wisdom, completes this topic. At the beginning of the third
chapter, Arjuna asked Bhagwaan Krishna, “If you think that knowledge
is superior to action, why do you urge me to do this savage deed
(war)? In response to his question, the Lord from verses Gita 3:4
to Gita 3:29 lays emphasis on the performance of actions by which a
man attains equanimity. In Gita 3:30, He says that surrendering all
actions to Him, with the mind concentrated in the Self, free from
desire and egoism, he should perform actions, relieved from the
mental agitation. In Gita 3:31 and Gita 3:32, He declares the sweet
fruit of following His teachings (explained in the previous verse)
and the harm in not following it. In Gita 3:25, He
declares, “Better is death in one’s own duty.” In Gita 3:36, Arjuna
asks, “By what is a man impelled to commit sin?” To this, Bhagwaan
(God) replies, “It is desire, all devouring and most sinful, which
is the enemy,” and ordered Arjuna to slay this enemy.

Though Bhagwaan’s teaching continues from Gita 3:37 onwards, yet in
Gita 3:43 when the answer to Arjuna’s question is over, Sage Ved
Vyasaji concludes the third chapter and begins the fourth chapter.
It shows that Bhagwaan having answered Arjuna’s question, gives a
pause and then begins again the Discipline of Action, which was
being described in Gita 2:47 and Gita 2:48, by the term “Imam”
(This) in Gita 4:1.

There are two important factors pertaining to the Discipline of
Action –
1) Performance of Action and
2) Special Knowledge about Action
Arjuna wants to renounce the performance of actions. So he says to
Bhagwaan Krishna, “Why do you ask me to be engaged in this savage
deed?” Therefore Bhagwaan lays special emphasis on the performance
of duty, specially in the third chapter, while in the fourth chapter
He imparts knowledge about actions. He declares, “I shall teach you
such action (the nature of action and inaction), after knowing which
you will be liberated from evil (the cycle of birth and death) Gita

This Karma Yoga inspite of being beginningless, was lost to the
world through long lapse of time, because of the absence of such
scholarly teachers (sages) who could impart it. The Lord in the
first three verses describing how Karma Yoga was handed down from
ancient times, proves how it existed from times immemorial.

From “Gita Madhurya” in English pg 48-49 by Swami Ramsukhdasji

Ram Ram

For full online discourses in Hindi, please visit Swami
Ramsukhdasji’s website.


About dhavalrajgeera

Physician who is providing free service to the needy since 1971. Rajendra M. Trivedi, M.D. who is Yoga East Medical Advisor Graduated in 1968 from B. J. Medical College, Amadavad, India. Post Graduate training in Neurological Surgery from Charles University in Czechoslovakia. 1969 - 71. and received Czechoslovakian Government Scholarship. Completed training at the Cambridge Hospital and Harvard University in Psychiatry. Rajendra M. trivedi is an Attending Psychiatrist at Baldpate Hospital. He is the Medical Director of CCA and Pain Center in Stoneham, MA where he has been serving the community since 1971 as a Physician. OTHER AFFILIATIONS: Lifer of APA - American Psychiatrist Association Senior Physician and Volunteer with Massachusetts Medical Society and a Deligate of the Middlesex District. Patron member of AAPI - American Association of PHYSICIANS OF INDIA. LIFE MEMBER OF IMANE - Indian Medical Association of New England. Member of the Board of Advisors "SAHELI, Boston,MA. Dr. Trivedi is working closely with the Perkin's School for the Blind. Dr. Trivedi is a Life member and Honorary Volunteer for the Fund Raising Contact for North America of BPA - Blind People Association of Amadavad, India. Dr.Trivedi is the Medical Advisor for Yoga East since 1993. He is a Physician who started Health Screening and Consultation At Shri Dwarkami Clinic in Billerica, MA.

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