Gita – 2:28


II 2:28 II

avyaktaadini bhutaani, vyakta-madhyaani bhaarata
avyakta-nidhaanani eva, tatra kaa paridevana

“Beings are unmanifest in their beginning, manifest in the middle
and unmanifest again in their end, O Bharata (Arjuna), what is there
in this for lamentation?”


The Self is indestructible and the body is destructible. From the
gross viewpoint if we visualize the bodies, before birth they were
not with us and after death they will not be there. In the present,
it seems that they are with us but in fact they are moving away from
us every moment. What is the gain in lamenting over the temporary
union and separation of these bodies.

From Gita Prabodhani in Hindi pg. 35 by Swami Ramsukhdasji

Chapter 2, Verse 28 is as follows;

Avyakta = unmanifested
Aadeeni = in the beginning
Bhootani = living beings
Vyakta = manifested
Madhyaani = in their middle state
Bhaarata = O Arjuna!
Avyakta = unmanifested
Nidhanani = after the death
Eva = also
Tatra = there
Kaa = what
Paridevanaa = grief

English translation:-

O Arjuna, all living beings are unmanifest in their original state,
manifest in their middle / transient state and return to unmanifest
steady state after the death. What is there to grieve about?

The waves in an ocean arise from the water in the ocean, they
sustain for a finite time of period and then they vanish in the same

In physics, a surface wave is a mechanical wave that propagates
along the interface between differing media, usually two fluids with
different densities. In fluid dynamics, gravity waves are waves
generated in a fluid medium or at the interface between two media
e.g. the earth’s atmosphere and water in an ocean, which has the
restoring force of gravity or buoyancy. Ocean surface waves are
mechanical waves that propagate along the interface between water
and air; the restoring force is provided by the earth’s gravity, and
so they are often referred to as surface gravity waves. As the wind
blows, pressure and friction forces perturb the equilibrium of the
ocean surface. These forces transfer wind energy from the
atmospheric air to the water, forming waves. As soon as the state of
equilibrium is restored, the waves vanish.

In the same manner, human beings are born out of the Brahman on this
mortal Earth, they enjoy their individual lives full of opposites of
hot and cold experiences to their physical bodies, joys and sorrows
to their minds and honours and dishonours to their intellects. After
a finite period of time of their individual life spans, they succumb
to death.

The material world of objects follows the law of causation. The
world of “effects” have origins from the world of “causes”; while
the effects are manifest and the causes are unmanifest. The current
manifest world was unmanifest before its creation, for the time
being it is available for human cognition as fully manifest and
sooner or later it will fade away to become unmanifest. It amounts
to the interpretation that the present came from the “Unknown” and
shall eventually return to the “Unknown”. Even under this
interpretation, why one should mourn as the eternal wheel of life
cycle will rotate forever in such a way that what seems to come
down, will rise soon and vice versa.

The Self is very difficult to realise to all mortals on the planet
Earth. Lord Krishna seems to pardon Arjuna for his inability in
fully appreciating and grasping the Eternal Cycle of life and
advices Arjuna that the least he can do is not to grieve over it.

It remains to be seen if the questions regarding the origin of life
on earth and the origin of life in the universe have the same

Thanks & Best Regards,
Shrikant Joshi.


About dhavalrajgeera

Physician who is providing free service to the needy since 1971. Rajendra M. Trivedi, M.D. who is Yoga East Medical Advisor Graduated in 1968 from B. J. Medical College, Amadavad, India. Post Graduate training in Neurological Surgery from Charles University in Czechoslovakia. 1969 - 71. and received Czechoslovakian Government Scholarship. Completed training at the Cambridge Hospital and Harvard University in Psychiatry. Rajendra M. trivedi is an Attending Psychiatrist at Baldpate Hospital. He is the Medical Director of CCA and Pain Center in Stoneham, MA where he has been serving the community since 1971 as a Physician. OTHER AFFILIATIONS: Lifer of APA - American Psychiatrist Association Senior Physician and Volunteer with Massachusetts Medical Society and a Deligate of the Middlesex District. Patron member of AAPI - American Association of PHYSICIANS OF INDIA. LIFE MEMBER OF IMANE - Indian Medical Association of New England. Member of the Board of Advisors "SAHELI, Boston,MA. Dr. Trivedi is working closely with the Perkin's School for the Blind. Dr. Trivedi is a Life member and Honorary Volunteer for the Fund Raising Contact for North America of BPA - Blind People Association of Amadavad, India. Dr.Trivedi is the Medical Advisor for Yoga East since 1993. He is a Physician who started Health Screening and Consultation At Shri Dwarkami Clinic in Billerica, MA.

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