Gita – 2:39


|| Shree Hari ||
Ram Ram

II 2:39 II

eshaa te ‘bhihitaa saankhye, buddhir yoge tv imaam shrinu
buddhyaa yukto yayaa paartha, karma-bandham prahaasyasi

“O’ Partha (Arjuna), thus far you have been presented the science of equanimity (Samtaah) using the approach of the Saankhya or Jnaana Yoga (the discipline of Knowledge). Now hear the same, from the point of view of Karma Yoga or Buddhi Yoga, (the discipline of Self-less Action). Equipped with the equanimous state of mind, you will be able to completely shake off the bondage of Karma (action).”

Comment :

In verses 31-77, the Lord explained the science of duty per Dharma Sastra (according to scripture of duty). Now He is explaining the science of Karma Yoga (The discipline of Self-less action) in verses 39-53.

From Gita Prabodhani in Hindi pg. 44 by Swami Ramsukhdasji


Chapter 2, Verse 39 is as follows;

Eshaa = this
Te = to you
Abhihitaa = declared
Saamkhye = in the Samkhya Yoga
BuddhiH = wisdom
Yoge = in the Karma Yoga
Tu = indeed
Imaam = this
ShruNu = listen
Budhdyaa = with wisdom
YuktaH = joined
Yayaa = which
Paartha = O Arjuna!
Karma –Bandham = bond of action
Pra-haasyasi = you shall cast off

English translation:-

This is the wisdom of Sankhya Yoga so far taught to you. Now listen to the wisdom of Karma Yoga. Endowed with it, O Partha, you shall cast off the bond of action.

Samkhya Darshan is one of the six `Darshanas’ i.e. six branches of Vedanta philosophy, which was expounded by Sage Kapil.

In the verse 26 of chapter 10 in Shreemad Bhagawad Geeta, Lord Krishna has proclaimed that amongst the top achievers of the Supreme knowledge of the Self, Sage Kapil is indeed at the pinnacle and he is one of the `Vibhuti’ i.e. special manifestations of the Supreme Self.

Samkhya literally means counting or enumeration. It means counting of twenty four GuNaas i.e. attributes of Prakruti i.e. Mother Nature while 25th being `Purusha’ i.e. the Self, the Aatman which is a subset of the superset the Brahman, the infinite source of Energy in the entire Universe.

Samkhya is the logic of reasoning by which the true nature of the Absolute Reality i.e. the Brahman is comprehended.

However, in this verse 39, Lord Krishna defines `Samkhya’ as the solid theoretical foundation of the entire dialogue with Arjuna. Lord Krishna treats `Samkhya-Yoga’ as the supreme knowledge of the Self, which Arjuna must understand prior to his active participation in the royal battle, which Lord Krishna terms as `Karma-Yoga’ i.e. path of action.

The proclamation of verses from 11 to 30 by Lord Krishna in the Song of the Celestial, is considered by many Vedanta philosophy scholars as the most defining phase of the Supreme Eternal knowledge of the Brahman. Translation of that knowledge into practice i.e. `Karma Yoga’ has been taught by Lord Krishna in the verses 40, 41 and 45 to 53.

`Samkhya Yoga’ and `Karma Yoga’ are not in conflict with each other; on the contrary, they complement and augment each other.

`Buddhi Yoga’ in this verse means a path of action that is propelled by rational intellect and not by irrational, emotional impulses of mind. Lord Krishna promises Arjuna that having been endowed with such a wisdom, he will certainly cast off bondage of Karma i.e. action.

Every person in this world is a captive, a slave and a victim of his own unfulfilled residual desires….a Sinner of the Past is a Sufferer of the Present. However, every person has a chance to redeem his mundane human existence by the initiation of his obligatory duties towards his society and nation. Such a path of right action provided it is based on the knowledge of the Self, then it will certainly help every Sadhak to exhaust most of his unfulfilled residual desires and liberate him from the self-inflicted bondage, which normally arises out of selfish actions propelled by desires for unending acquisitions and uninterrupted enjoyments.

Please refer to verse 9 of chapter 3 in Shreemad Bhagawad Geeta, wherein Lord Krishna has explained, “The entire world is bound by actions other than those performed for the sake of sacrifice. O Arjuna, therefore earnestly perform action for sacrifice alone, free from attachment.”

Similarly please refer to verse 14 of chapter 4 in Shreemad Bhagawad Geeta, wherein Lord Krishna has proclaimed, “Actions do not taint Me nor have I a desire for the fruit of action. He who knows Me thus is not bound by actions.”

Also please refer to verse 9 of chapter 9 in Shreemad Bhagawad Geeta, wherein Lord Krishna has declared, “O Arjuna! Nor do these acts bind Me, remaining like one unconcerned and unattached to those acts.”

Shrikant Joshi


About dhavalrajgeera

Physician who is providing free service to the needy since 1971. Rajendra M. Trivedi, M.D. who is Yoga East Medical Advisor Graduated in 1968 from B. J. Medical College, Amadavad, India. Post Graduate training in Neurological Surgery from Charles University in Czechoslovakia. 1969 - 71. and received Czechoslovakian Government Scholarship. Completed training at the Cambridge Hospital and Harvard University in Psychiatry. Rajendra M. trivedi is an Attending Psychiatrist at Baldpate Hospital. He is the Medical Director of CCA and Pain Center in Stoneham, MA where he has been serving the community since 1971 as a Physician. OTHER AFFILIATIONS: Lifer of APA - American Psychiatrist Association Senior Physician and Volunteer with Massachusetts Medical Society and a Deligate of the Middlesex District. Patron member of AAPI - American Association of PHYSICIANS OF INDIA. LIFE MEMBER OF IMANE - Indian Medical Association of New England. Member of the Board of Advisors "SAHELI, Boston,MA. Dr. Trivedi is working closely with the Perkin's School for the Blind. Dr. Trivedi is a Life member and Honorary Volunteer for the Fund Raising Contact for North America of BPA - Blind People Association of Amadavad, India. Dr.Trivedi is the Medical Advisor for Yoga East since 1993. He is a Physician who started Health Screening and Consultation At Shri Dwarkami Clinic in Billerica, MA.

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