|| Shree Hari ||
7th August 2010, Saturday, Shravan Krishna Dvadashi, Shanivar
Vikram Samvat 2067, Sri Krishna Samvaat 5236
Methods of Recitation of the Gita – 1
Vaanchanti pathitum gitam kramena vikramena vaa |
Tadartham vidhavah proktaah karanyaasaa dinaa saha ||
It is a man’s nature that when he performs an action with great interest, then in that work he becomes dedicated, quick in performance and becomes absorbed in it. Though having this nature, he can’t identify himself with Prakriti (Nature) and its evolutes, (objects and pleasures etc.) because he is always apart (separate) from them. But if he remains absorbed in chanting the Lord’s name, in thinking of Him and in meditating on His principles (teachings), he becomes identified with Him because in fact he is one with Him. Therefore when a devotee recites His name, thinks of Him and studies the sacred books such as the Gita, the Ramayan and the Bhagawat etc., he should do these with great interest, do these promptly, by becoming absorbed in them, and doing it with immense enthusiasm. Here the method of the recitation of the Gita is given.
In order to recite the Gita one should create a seat of Kusa grass, or of woollen cloth or sack cloth and sit on it, facing the east or the north.
At the beginning of the recitation of the Gita the following sacred text (verses) should be recited –
“om asya srmadbhagavad Gita maalaa mantrasya bhagavaan Veda vyaasa rsihi | anustup chandah |
Sri Krsnah paramaatmaa devataa || aspcyaanan va socastvam praajnaa vaa daamsca bhaasase iti bijam || sarva dharmaan-parityajya maamekam saranam vraja iti saktih || aham tvaa sarva paapebhyo moksayisyaami maa suca iti kilakam ||
The explanation of this text is as follows –
As there are many beads on a rosary or flowers on a garland, so are the verses recited by the Lord, the beads of this rosary of the Gita. The first seer to understand the significance of these verses is Divine Veda Vyasa – “Om asya srimadbhagavadgita maalaa mantrasya bhagavaan Vedavyaasa rsih.”
There is much use of meter “Anushtup” (a verse of thirty two letters in Sanskrit) in the Gita. The Gita begins with this meter (Dharma Ksetra..) and ends with this metre (Yatra yogeshvarah….) and the gospel begins with it (Ashochyaananvasochastvam…..) and ends with it (sarva dharmaan parityajya…). So the meter used in it is “Anushtup chandh”.
Lord Krsna Who is the Supreme Goal to be attained by all human beings is its God (Lord) – “Shri Krishna Paramatma Devata.”
Gospel is preached to the ignorant, and the ignorant deserves the gospel. Arjuna is also talking about righteousness but he is grieved because of his attachment (infatuation) to the family. So his mind is confused with regard to his duty. Therefore he takes refuge in the Lord and prays to Him to instruct him what is decidedly good for him. In order to remove his grief, the Lord starts preaching the gospel of the Gita which is the seed of the Gita – “ashochyaanan vasochastvam pragyaavaadaansch bhaashse iti beejam.”
To take refuge in the Lord (surrender to God) is the quintessence of all spiritual discipline and all gospels, because no other discipline is as easy, excellent and powerful as taking refuge in Him. So the greatest power of a man is to take refuge in Him by renouncing dependence on all other spiritual disciplines – “sarva dharmaan parityajyam maamekum sharanam vraja iti shaktih.”
The Lord promises and taking a vow says that He will liberate the being, who takes refuge in Him from all sins. The Lord can never deviate from this promise as it is “Keelaka” (a pivot) – “aham tvaa sarva paapebhyo mokshayushyaami ma sucha iti keelakam.”
Thus after reciting the text “Om asya sri madbhagavad gita maalaa mantrasya.. iti keelakam”, the activity of “Nyaasa” (touch ofhands and fingers together and of heart known respectively as (Kara Nyaasa and Hrdayaadinyaasa) should be performed. (to be continued)
From book in Hindi “Gita Darpan” pg 250 by Swami Ramsukhdasji
The message is available in HINDI titled “Gita Paath ki Vidhi” ” at: http://www.satcharcha.blogspot.com/