Pujya Chandrashekarendra Saraswati 68th Shakaracharya


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Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswati VIII Swamigal

A 1933 photograph of Chandrasekarendra Saraswati Swamigal
Term start May 9, 1907
Term end January 8, 1994
Ordination May 9, 1907
Consecration February 13, 1907

Birth name Swaminathan
Born May 20, 1894
Died January 8, 1994
Kanchi mutt
Nationality Indian
Alma mater Arcot American Mission High School, Tindivanam

Jagadguru Chandrashekarendra Saraswati Swamigal (Tamil: சந்திரசேகரேந்திர சரஸ்வதி சுவாமிகள்) (May 20, 1894 – January 8, 1994) or the Sage of Kanchi was the 68th Jagadguru in the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam. He is usually referred to as Paramacharya or MahaSwami or Maha Periyavaal.

Early lifeMaha Periyavaal was born on 20 May 1894, under Anuradha star according to the Hindu calendar, into a Kannadiga Smartha Hoysala Karnataka Brahmin family in Viluppuram, South Arcot District, Tamil Nadu as Swaminatha. He was the second son of Subramanya Sastri, a District Education Officer. The child was named Swaminatha, after the family deity, Lord Swaminatha of Swamimalai, near Kumbakonam. Swaminatha began his early education at the Arcot American Mission High School at Tindivanam, where his father was working. He was an exceptional student and excelled in several subjects.[citation needed] In 1905, his parents performed his Upanayanam, a Vedic ceremony which qualifies a Brahmin boy to begin his Vedic studies under an accomplished teacher.[citation needed]

Incidents leading to SainthoodDuring the childhood of the Acharya, his father consulted an astrologer who, upon studying the boy’s horoscope, is said to have been so stunned that he prostrated himself before the boy exclaiming that “One day the whole world will fall at his feet.”[citation needed] In 1906, the 66th Acharya of Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham performed the annual Chaturmasyam (a forty-day annual ritual performed by Hindu ascetics while remaining in one place), in a village near Tindivanam in Tamil Nadu. This was Swaminathan’s first exposure to the Math and its Acharya. Later, Swaminathan accompanied his father whenever he visited the Math where the Acharya was deeply impressed by the young boy.

In the first week of February 1907, the Kanchi Kamakoti Math had informed Subramanya Sastrigal that Swaminathan’s first cousin (son of his mother’s sister) was to be installed as the 67th Peetathipathi. The presiding Acharya was then suffering from smallpox and had the premonition that he might not live long. He had, therefore, administered upadesa to his disciple Lakshminathan before he died. Sastrigal being away in Trichinopoly on duty arranged for the departure of Swaminathan with his mother to Kanchipuram. The boy and his mother started for Kalavai (where Lakshminathan was camping) to console his aunt who, while also being a widow, had just given up her only son to be an ascetic. They traveled by train to Kanchipuram and halted at the Sankara Math. By then, Lakshminathan had fallen ill:

I had a bath at the Kumara Koshta Tirtha. A carriage of the Math had come there from Kalavai with the people to buy articles for the Maha Puja on the tenth day of the passing of the previous 66th Acharya. One of them, a hereditary maistry (mason) of the Math, asked me to accompany him. A separate cart was engaged for the rest of the family to follow me. During the journey the maistry hinted to me that I might not return home and that the rest of my life might be spent in the Math itself. At first I thought that my elder cousin having become the Head of the Math, it was his wish that I should live with him. But the maistry gradually clarified matters as the cart rolled on. The acharya had fever which developed into delirium and that was why I was being separated from the family to be taken to Kalavai… I was stunned by this unexpected turn of events. I lay in a kneeling posture in the cart, shocked as I was, repeating “Rama… Rama,” the only prayer I knew. My mother and other children came some time later only to find that instead of her mission of consoling her sister, she herself was placed in the state of having to be consoled
—T.M.P. Mahadevan, The Sage of Kanchi
[citation needed]

The 67th Acharya also died, after reigning for a brief seven days as the head of the Math. Swaminathan was immediately installed as the 68th head of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam on February 13, 1907, the second day of the Tamil month of Masi, Prabhava year. He was given Sanyasa Asramam at the early age of 13 and was named Chandrasekharendra Saraswati. On May 9, 1907 his “Pattabishekam” as the 68th Peetathipathi of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam was performed at the Kumbakonam Math. Devotees including Shivaji Maharaja of Tanjavur, government officials and pundits participated in the event.

Even though there was not enough property in the mutt to be administered, the court considering the benefit of the mutt, ordered the mutt to be administered under the “Guardian and Wards Act”. Sri C.H.Venkataramana Iyer, an illustrious personality from Kolinjivadi (Colinjivadi) village near Coimbatore was appointed as guardian by the court. The administration of the mutt was under guardianship from 1911 to May,1915. On the day of Sankara Jayanthi in the year 1915, Swamigal took over the administration of the mutt on the completion of his 21 st year. The administration of the mutt was taken over in name, but the actual work was taken care of by an agent, one Sri Pasupathi Iyer. He was an able administrator who volunteered to do the job without compensation and hailed from Thirupathiripuliyur. Sri Swamigal does not sign any document, instead Sri Mukham stamp is placed on documents.[1]

Maha Periyavaal spent several years in the study of the scriptures and dharma shastras and acquainted himself with his role as the Head of the Math. He soon gained the reverence and respect of the devotees and people around him. To millions of devotees he was simply “Periyava”—the revered one or Maha-Periyava. “Periyava” in Tamil means a great person, and conveys endearment, reverence, and devotion. “Mahaswami” and “Paramacharya” are his other well-known appellations.[citation needed]

Maha Periyavaal was the head of the Mutt for eighty-seven years. During this period, the Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam acquired new strength as an institution that propagated Śankara’s teachings. The devotion, fervour, and intensity with which the Paramacharya practiced what Śankara had taught are considered to be unparalleled by his devotees.[citation needed] Throughout his life, the focus of his concern and activities was rejuvenating Veda adhyayana, the Dharma Sasthras, and the age-old tradition, which had suffered decline. “Veda rakshanam” was his very life breath, and he referred to this in most of his talks.

Remaining active throughout his life, the sage of Kanchi twice undertook pilgrimages on foot from Rameshwaram in the far south of the Indian peninsula to Benares in the North.

Providing support through Veda Patashalas (schools teaching Vedic lore) through the Veda Rakshana Nidhi which he founded and honouring Vedic scholars, he reinvigorated Vedic studies in India. He organised regular sadhas (‘conferences’) which included discussions on arts and culture—these led to a renewed interest in Vedic religion, Dharma sasthras, and the Sanskrit language. His long tenure as Pitadhipathi is considered by many to have been the Golden Era of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham.[citation needed] He attained Mukti (died) on January 8, 1994 and was succeeded by Jayendra Saraswati Swamigal.

Spiritual leadershipPeriyava stressed the importance of a Guru in one’s life. He repeatedly preached about the importance of following the Dharmic path. His various discourses are available in a volume of books called ‘Deivathin Kural’ (Voice of the Divine) which have been compiled by R. Ganapathi, a devotee of Periyava. These books are available both in Tamil and English. A condensed form of these books is also available in English. These are available in any branch of the Kanchi math.

Periyava and the Indian Freedom MovementThough Periyavaa did not get directly into politics, he was interested in the happenings. At Nellichery in Palakkad (Present Day Kerala), Rajaji and Mahatma Gandhi met the Acharya in a cow shed. It was a practice in the mutt to wear silk clothes. But Acharya was the first one to do away with them and shifted to Khadi robes at Rameshwaram. He requested his devotees to do away with foreign/ non natural clothes some time earlier at Trichy. The day India became free, he gave the Maithreem Bhajata song, which was later to be sung at the UN by M S Subbulakshmi. He gave a speech on the significance of the flag and the Dharma chakra in it on that day.[1]

DevoteesPeriyava’s charm invited the rich and the poor, the old and the young alike to be his devotees. Some of his famous devotees include, their highness the King and Queen of Nepal, the Queen Mother of Greece, the Dalai Lama, M. S. Subbulakshmi, Indira Gandhi, R. Venkatraman and Atal Bihari Vajpayee among others. To the Acharya, the VIPs and the common man were one and the same. There were thousands of personal experiences to lakhs of his devotees, who still revere him, and pray to him as a messenger of the Supreme or an ultimate Guru.

From – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandrashekarendra_Saraswati


About dhavalrajgeera

Physician who is providing free service to the needy since 1971. Rajendra M. Trivedi, M.D. who is Yoga East Medical Advisor www.yogaeast.net/index.htm http://www.yogaeast.net/index.htm Graduated in 1968 from B. J. Medical College, Amadavad, India. Post Graduate training in Neurological Surgery from Charles University in Czechoslovakia. 1969 - 71. and received Czechoslovakian Government Scholarship. Completed training at the Cambridge Hospital and Harvard University in Psychiatry. Rajendra M. trivedi is an Attending Psychiatrist at Baldpate Hospital. He is the Medical Director of CCA and Pain Center in Stoneham, MA where he has been serving the community since 1971 as a Physician. OTHER AFFILIATIONS: Lifer of APA - American Psychiatrist Association Senior Physician and Volunteer with Massachusetts Medical Society and a Deligate of the Middlesex District. www.massmed.org Patron member of AAPI - American Association of PHYSICIANS OF INDIA. LIFE MEMBER OF IMANE - Indian Medical Association of New England. Member of the Board of Advisors "SAHELI, Boston,MA. www.saheliboston.org/About1/A_Board Dr. Trivedi is working closely with the Perkin's School for the Blind. www.perkins.org. Dr. Trivedi is a Life member and Honorary Volunteer for the Fund Raising Contact for North America of BPA - Blind People Association of Amadavad, India. www.bpaindia.org Dr.Trivedi is the Medical Advisor for Yoga East since 1993. He is a Physician who started Health Screening and Consultation At Shri Dwarkami Clinic in Billerica, MA. https://www.dwarkamai.com/health-and-wellness

6 responses »

  1. ஜகத்குரு காஞ்சி காமகோடி ஸ்ரீ சந்திரசேகரேந்திர சரஸ்வதி சங்கராச்சார்ய சுவாமிகளின் சாதனைகள்


    எந்த ஒரு பார்ப்பனர் இதழ் நடத்தினாலும், அதில் கண்டிப்பாக சங்கராச்சாரியாரின் ஒரு பொன்மொழி இடம்பெற்றிருக்கும். புரிகிறதோ இல்லையோ சடங்காச்சாரமாக பெரிய வாளி(லி)ன் படம் போட்டு 10 வரிகளாவது நிரப்பிவிடவேண்டும். அப்படி செய்யாவிட்டால், ஏதோ பெரும்பாவம் செய்துவிட்டதாக அவர்களைப் பொறுத்தவரை அப்படி ஒரு நினைப்பு பிழைப்பு.

    அதேபோல, இந்த வார கல்கியில் (2.8.2009) ஒரு அருள்வாக்கு:

    ஞானிக்கு ஆத்ம ஸ்வரூபத்தைத் தவிர வேறெதுவுமே தெரிவதில்லை. ஒரே பரமாத்மாதான் இத்தனையாகவும் தெரிகிறது என்று கண்டுகொண்டவன் அவன். வெளியிலே தெரிகிற தோற்றத்தை மாயை என்று தள்ளிவிட்டு, எல்லாவற்றுக்கும் உள்ளேயிருக்கிற பரமாத்ம ஸ்வரூபத்தை மட்டுமே அனுபவிக்கிறவன் அவன். வெளிப் பார்வைக்குத் தெரிகிற உலகம் மாயை என்று ஆகிவிட்டதால், இந்த மாயா லோகத்தில் ஞானிக்குக் காரியம் எதுவுமே இல்லை. பார்க்கிறவன், பார்க்கப்படுகிற வஸ்து, பார்வை எல்லாமே ஒன்றாக அடங்கிப் போனவனுக்குக் காரியம் எப்படி இருக்க முடியும்? அவன் பிரம்மமாகவே இருக்கிறான் என்று உபநிஷத்து சொல்கிறது.

    பிரம்மத்துக்குக் காரியம் இல்லை. ஆனால், இந்த மாயை உலகத்தில் அகப்பட்டுக் கொண்டு காரியங்களைச் செய்து வருகிறவர்கள் ஈசுவரன் என்று ஒருவனைப் பூஜை செய்து தங்கள் காரியங்களை நடத்தித் தரவேண்டும் என்று பிரார்த்திக்கிறார்கள். நல்ல காரியங்களுக்காக நல்ல மனஸோடு பிரார்த்தித்தால் ஈசுவரனும் அவற்றை நடத்தித் தருகிறார். இதிலிருந்து ஈசுவரன் காரியமே இல்லாமல் இருப்பவரல்ல என்று தெரிகிறது.

    – ஜகத்குரு காஞ்சி காமகோடி ஸ்ரீ சந்திரசேகரேந்திர சரஸ்வதி சங்கராச்சார்ய சுவாமிகள்

    யாருக்கும் புரியாத வகையில் வார்த்தைகளை ஜாலமாக அடுக்கினால் அதற்குப் பெயர் அருள்வாக்கு தெய்வவாக்கு அவாள் அகராதியில்.

    ஒன்று மட்டும் புரிய வருகிறது. இந்தவுலகம் மாயை இந்த நிலையில் இந்த லோகத்தில் ஞானிக்குக் காரியம் எதுவுமே இல்லை என்று சொல்ல வருகிறார் பெரியவாள்.

    சரி… இந்தக் கருத்தை ஞானியாகிய அவரைப் பொறுத்து எந்த வகையில் சரி? மாயையான இந்த லோகத்தில் இந்த ஞானி எந்தக் காரியத்தையும் செய்யவில்லையா?

    பிராமணப் பெண்களுக்கான கன்னிகாதானம் டிரஸ்டை ஏற்படுத்தவில்லையா? கம்யூனல் ஜி.ஓ.வைப்பற்றிப் பேசவில்லையா? ரிட்டயர்டு ஆன பிராமணர்களுக்கு அறிவுரை கூறி பிராமணர்களுக்கு உதவி செய்யக் கூறிடவில்லையா?

    நாஸ்திகர்களுக்கு மருத்துவ உதவி செய்யக்கூடாது என்று தனது கடல் போன்ற பரந்து விரிந்த உள்ளத்தை அப்படியே படம் பிடித்துக் காட்டவில்லையா?

    தீண்டாமை க்ஷேமகரமானது என்று நியாய விரோதமாக, சட்ட விரோதமாக அருளுபதேசம் செய்யவில்லையா?

    பாலக்கோட்டில் காந்தியாரே நேரில் வந்து கேட்டுக்கொண்டும் தீண்டாமை சாஸ்திர சம்பந்தமானது. அதற்கு எதிராகத் தம்மால் ஒன்றும் செய்ய முடியாது என்று கறாராகக் கூறவில்லையா?

    இந்த லட்சணத்தில் இந்த லோகம் மாயை. இதில் செய்யவேண்டியது ஒன்றும் இல்லை என்று இவர் சொல்வாராம் அதைக் கல்கி வெளியிடுமாம். அதையும் காசு கொடுத்து வாங்கி இந்தச் சூத்திர மக்களும் படித்துக் கிழிக்க வேண்டுமாம்! பலே! பலே! –

    ——————-மயிலாடன் அவர்கள் 28-7-2009 “விடுதலை”

  2. Thanks to all who listen and pray this …
    Guru Paduka Stotram – Adi Shankaracharya
    The crossing of this Endless ocean of samsara is enabled
    by the boat that is sincere devotion to Guru
    Showing me the way to the valuable dominion of renunciation,
    O dear Guru, I bow to thy holy sandals.

    Like a full moon for the ocean of the Knowledge,
    Like down pour of water to put out the fire of misfortunes,
    Removing the various distresses of those who surrender to them,
    O dear Gurudev, I bow to thy holy sandals.

    Those who prostrate to the blessed padukas of their Guru
    become possessors of great wealth
    and overcome the curse of their poverty very quickly.
    To such padukas my infinite prostrations.

    Attracting us to the Lotus-like feet of our Guru,
    removing all kinds of desires borne out of ignorance,
    fulfilling all the desires of the disciple who bows humbly
    To such padukas I humbly offer my obeisance.

    Shining like a precious stone adorning the crown of a king
    They stand out like a beautiful damsel in a river infested with crocodiles
    They raise the devotees to the state of sovereign emperors,
    To such padukas I humbly offer my obeisance.

    Shining radiantly like the Sun, effacing the endless darkness of the disciples sins,
    Like an eagle for the snake like three-fold pains of Samsara
    like a conflagration of fire whose heat dries away the
    ocean of ignorance
    To such supreme padukas of my Gurudev, I humbly surrender.

    They endow us with the glorious six qualities like Shama,
    They vow to bless the intiated ones with the ability to go into samadhi.
    Blessing the devotees with permanent devotion for the feet of Lord Vishnu(Ramaadhava)
    To such divine padukas I offer my prayers.

    Fulfilling all the wishes of the disciples,
    Who are ever-available and dedicated for Sewa,
    Awakening the sincere aspirants to the divine state of self realization,
    Again and again prostrate to those Padukas of my Poojya Gurudev

    They are like an eagle for all the serpants of desires,
    Blessing us with the valuable treasure of discrimination and renunciation,
    Granting us the knowledge to get instant liberation from the shackles of the life,
    My prostrations to those holy Padukas of my Guru.

    Tulsidal Thanks, ” Patry Satnam – Guru Admin.”

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